I just saw a photo of this destroyer in the worldjournal.com newspaper
The Chinese Projec 052C destroyers are Chinese attempt at a Arleigh Burke class destroyer which uses a flat-array radar similar to the Aegis system (first operational in 1983 on the larger Ticonderoga class cruiser), and has angled surfaces for stealth anti-radar features. It took the US 9 years to build and perfect the Aegis system, and the soviets tried and gave up. It has vertical launchers for missles which don't require loading onto rails and pointed in a direction. The missle system is comparable to the Army Patriot and Navy Standard missles which can intercept ballistic missles. The Soviets/Russians use the same missle between land and sea missions, which makes you wonder why the US has two different systems. The Standard evolved from the ship-based Tartar, while the Army's Patriot was designed to be launched from a box mounted on a wheeled trailer.
China eventually wants to build a blue-water navy which can sail anywhere around the world if it needs to confront the US or any other Western power, initially to be able to threaten an intervention force which might sail to the aid of Taiwan, but if it manages to out-build the US Navy or at least the part of it on the west coast, China might be able to do what no navy since the Imperial Japanese Navy as been able to do, attack the US fleet on more than even terms.
The People's Liberation Army Navy recently introduced two domestically designed and built guided missile destroyers that include Aegis-type radars and related technologies. Known as Project 052C guided missile destroyers (DDGs), the ships feature Aegis-type phased array panels, vertical launch systems, long-range missiles and considerable command and control. These capabilities were not found on any previous Chinese-built DDGs.
|China’s new DDG 170 guided missile destroyer features Aegis-type phased array antennas and a ship-to-ship missile control Bandstand radome dominating the bridge. The ship’s numerous foreign weapons and new radomes hint at the complexity of its electronic functions.|
The People’s Liberation Army Navy recently introduced two domestically designed and built guided missile destroyers that include Aegis-type radars and related technologies. Known as Project 052C guided missile destroyers (DDGs), the ships feature Aegis-type phased array panels, vertical launch systems, long-range missiles and considerable command and control. These capabilities were not found on any previous Chinese-built DDGs.
The design of a lead ship with prototype Aegis radar, combat direction links and a vertical launch system (VLS) into a small 6,600-ton hull is an ambitious development. The smallest U.S. Navy Aegis ship with VLS is the 8,400-ton Arleigh Burke-class DDG 51.
The first sea platform for the U.S. Navy Aegis was the trial ship USS Norton Sound AVM-1 in 1974. The first warship full-up four-panel Aegis system was on the Ticonderoga in 1983, which had 50 meters between the fore and aft deckhouse arrays. The first Aegis destroyer with the single deckhouse array SPY-1D was the 8,400-ton Arleigh Burke lead ship in 1989. More than 50 DDG 51-class ships have been built in this highly successful and constantly upgraded class of warships.
Re: What's Next After DDG 115/116 Class?
china is currently going the quality over quantity route. while india is building trophy aircraft carriers as a showcase for their blue water navy. they have completly different goals. currently everything china builds you can think of it as a test plateform, that's why they build 2 at a time. they find problems, and they improve it and build 2 more. also at the same time they can put the newest technology on there for testing. that way the ships they build will always be the best they can build. in india's case, they need to show all the other countries around the indian ocean that indian ocean is india's backyard, therefore they need a force projection fleet, and that's where the air craft carriers comes in. china's main problem is taiwan, air craft carriers are useless in a fight with a island only 100 miles off the coast.
How better to meet the needs of an ideal air defense ship than to put the land-based S-300 system that has protected Peking and Moscow on a large guided missile destroyer? China is sending the two newest, largest 6,000-ton 051C guided missile destroyers (DDGs)—hulls 115 and 116—to be flagships for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) North Fleet. The 051C, which began construction prior to the later 052A and 052B ships, will be a new fleet command ship with air defense and coordination capabilities.
In 1989 when the PLAN wanted to send a Luda destroyer on a five-month South China Sea cruise, the North Fleet flagship was sent from
When the first 4,000-ton new generation Luhu DDG 112 was completed in 1994, it replaced
After relying on 3,000-ton Luda destroyers for 30 years, in 1985
Two of the North Fleet Luda destroyers,
All of the new-generation Luhai and Luyang 052B and 052C and Sovremmenyi DDGs are in the East and South Fleets because of East Fleet Taiwan and
The 051C is largest PLAN DDG, and the most capable new systems are the Russian SAN-6 vertical launch system (VLS) and S-300 air defense sensor and missile systems. In the 1970s, the PLAN unsuccessfully attempted to install a Soviet SA-2 launcher on two Jiangdong frigates. Next, imported French short range (13-kilometer/7-mile range) Crotale launchers were put on some frigates and four old
The 051C is a less advanced design than the 052C with its Aegis-like PAR (SIGNAL Magazine, July 2005) and cannot match the JMSDF Aegis Kongou class. But the 051C does fill the need for large fleet air defense ships. The two 051Cs are in response to increased tension created by Chinese incursions into Japanese economic waters and oil field and island rights contention (SIGNAL Magazine, November 2006). The JMSDF consists of four Escort Flotillas. Escort Flotilla 2 consists of the flagship Aegis DDG 173 Kongou, DDG 170, DDH144, and five conventional destroyers (DDs). Because neither of the two PLAN 052C Aegis DDGs is based in the North, the Kongou and its DDG, along with DD consorts with years of training and operations, are stronger than the PLAN North Fleet, even with the 051C.
An obvious question is why
The Luyang class 052B was launched in 2002, and 052C was launched in 2003. The 051B Luhai was launched in 1997, but the 051C was not launched until 2006. Since Luhus were hull number 112 and 113, and 051C is hull 115 and 116, it seems that a third Luhu 114 was cancelled. The 051C design probably preceded the 052 series by several years.
The evolution of these ships’ technology followed a long and tortuous path. The 9,400-ton Soviet navy Slava cruiser built in 1983 had the SAN-6b Rif-M VLS with a huge 35-ton 3R41 Volna engagement radar named Top Dome. The Soviet-designated SAN-6 on the Slava was a navalized S-300 Fort-M. The Top Dome radar was not sold to
The Volna SAM illumination guidance (IG) radar on 051C is the 30N6E1, which is mounted forward of the aft helicopter hangar. This is the export designation of the S-300 land air defense radar for the Russian SA-10 Grumble.
The long-range air early warning radar on Slava was the Top Pair three dimensional (3-D) radar. It consisted of Top Sail and Big Net 850-megahertz radar antennas mounted back-to-back facing opposite directions. The PLAN 051C uses the Fregat M2EM 3-D surveillance radar for this function. Fregat is a 300-kilometer (190-mile) range E-band Russian radar.
Fore and aft 100-millimeter fully automatic main twin gun mounts fire at 90 rounds per minute (RPM). The Type 344 fire-control radar has replaced the earlier 343G radar for the stealthy PJ33A twin-barrel 100-millimeter main battery. The 051C carries only eight 120-kilometer (75-mile) range YJ-83 surface-to-surface missiles compared to 16 on the 052A, 052B and 052C Luyang class ships. Two Type 730 close-in weapon systems with a firing rate of 4600 to 5800 RPM are controlled by Rice Bowl fire-control radar directors.
Type 052 destroyer
Type 052C destroyer
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2008)|
Lanzhou (170) with a Hangzhou Bay Bridge tower in the background
|Operators:||People's Liberation Army Navy|
|Preceded by:||Type 052B|
|Armament:||48 HHQ-9 long-range surface-to-air missiles|
8 C-805 anti-ship / land attack cruise missiles
8 HN-2 land attack cruise missiles 
8 YJ-62 anti-ship / land attack cruise missiles
1× Type 210 100 mm dual purpose gun
2 30mm Type 730 close-in weapons systems
6 torpedo tubes
4 x 18-tube decoy rocket launcher
|Aircraft carried:||1 helicopter: Kamov Ka-27 or Harbin Z-9C ASW/SAR|
|Aviation facilities:||Stern hangar|
Helicopter landing platform
The Type 052C destroyer (NATO code name Luyang II class, or Lanzhou class after the lead ship) is a class of destroyer built by the People's Republic of China. It features an Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar system with four statically-mounted antennas for 360-degree coverage. The radar is used in conjunction with vertically launched HHQ-9 long-range air defence missiles. The Type 052C was the first warship in the People's Liberation Army Navy to have true long-range fleet air defence capability.
The design for the Type 052C was approved in September 2001. The chief designer was believed to have been Zhu Yingfu (朱英富), the director of the 701st Research Institute of the 7th Academy of China Shipbuilding Heavy Industrial Group; Pan Jingfu (潘镜芙), the designer for the previous three classes, had retired prior to the approval.
Two ships, Lanzhou (170) and Haikou (171) were constructed by Jiangnan Shipyard in Shanghai starting in 2002, and entering service by 2005. Production resumed at Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard in Shanghai toward the end of the decade, with two more launched by 2011.
The Type 052C used the same hull and propulsion as the preceding Type 052B destroyer, which had also been built by Jiangnan. While the Type 052B used a mixture of Russian and Chinese systems, the Type 052C used predominantly Chinese systems, with a few sensors being notable exceptions.
The Type 052C was designed for the fleet air defence role, and mounted the Type 348 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar, and vertically launched HQ-9 air defence missiles. It also carried YJ-62 anti-ship missiles. All three were new aboard Chinese warships.
 Combat system
The command and control system used by the Type 052C is unknown. Previous Chinese ships used derivatives of the French Thomson-CSF TAVITAC. The Type 052C may use an improved system to better engage anti-ship missiles, and to process data from its helicopter; the Ka-28 ASW helicopters must pass data back to its host ship for processing.
While the Chinese claim to have produced combat data systems based on the MIL-STD-1773 standard, the Type 052C likely uses current standard Chinese systems based on the MIL-STD-1553B standard. The Chinese claim these are versatile enough to be upgraded to MIL-STD-1773 later.
The Type 052C carries 48 HQ-9 naval air defence missiles in eight 6-cell 'cold launched' vertical launch systems (VLS). The Chinese VLS has a lid for each launch cell, but uses the same cold launch mechanism for each cell. This eliminates the revolver system used in Russian VLS, and one single point of failure. The Chinese claim this results in lower size, weight, and maintenance costs.
The HQ-9 is a Chinese medium- to long-range, active radar homing air defence missile with a maximum range of 200 km. The missile incorporates some technology from the Russian S-300. The naval HQ-9 appears to be identical to the land-based variant.
The destroyer also carries anti-ship missiles in two 4-cell launchers just forward of the hangar. It is not confirmed whether the missiles are YJ-85 or YJ-62. Unlike the launchers for previous Chinese anti-ship missiles, the Type 052C launchers are cylindrical rather than box-shaped. Missiles are guided by a Russian MR331 Mineral-ME (NATO codename "Band Stand") fire-control radar atop the bridge and a "Light Bulb" datalink forward of the hangar. The MR331 Mineral-ME is also used on Sovremenny class destroyers to guide 3M80 Moskit cruise missiles.
The main gun is a Type 210 100 mm naval gun, derived from the French Creusot-Loire T100C, in a turret with a reduced radar cross-section design. It may engage surface targets, aircraft, and low speed missiles. The maximum rate of fire is 90 rounds/min. The gun may be laid automatically or manually. It is uncertain, but unlikely, that the Chinese laser-guided projectiles are in service with the gun. Infrared-guided projectiles are another possibility, but a single-feed design would reduce the rate of fire if mixed with unguided projectiles.
Close-in defence is provided by two seven-barrel 30 mm Type 730 CIWS, one mounted forward of the bridge and one atop the hangar. Each gun has a maximum rate of fire of 4,600~5,800 rounds/min.
 Anti-submarine systems
Two triple 324 mm torpedo tubes are carried and may launch Yu-7 and ET52 light ASW torpedoes. The Type 726-4 decoy launcher system on the forward deck may fire ASW rockets, although this is not normally used.
 Electronic countermeasures
The digital and solid state Type 726-4 decoy launcher system is mounted on the forward deck and consists of four launchers. Each launcher has 18 tubes arranged in three six-tube rows. Firing is typically controlled automatically by the combat data system, but a manual control console is also provided. The decoy launcher system may theoretically be linked to other subsystems, although whether this feature is incorporated in the Type 052C is unknown.
The primary role of the Type 726-4 is to launch chaff and decoys. However, atypically, it may also fire ASW rockets (against submarines, torpedoes, and frogmen), and even be used for shore bombardment.
The launchers on the Type 052C appear to be manually loaded; automatic reloaders exist for the Type 726-4.
The Type 052C may also carry the possible Israeli-derived NRJ6A ESM system. ECM missions may also be carried out by onboard UAVs.
The ship is the first Chinese ship fitted with a multifunction Active Phased Array Radar with four antenna arrays, with a reported name Type 348 Radar. China originally imported a Ukrainian C-band active phased array radar for evaluation, but decided that the radar did not meet the Chinese requirement. Instead, China adopted a domestic S-band multifunction active phased array radar with four antenna arrays. The radar is developed by the Research Institute of Electronic Technology (also more commonly known as the 14th Institute) at Nanjing, Jiangsu province, and it is a successor to the 14th Institute's earlier developed Type H/LJG-346 SAPARS (Shipborne Active Phased Array Radar System) that was completed in 1998. Chinese discovered that the S-band adopted by the American AN/SPY-1 passive phased array could be better suited for the requirements for the active phased array radar as well. The radar has reported name of Type 348 Radar and a maximum range of 450 km, and a maximum resolution of 0.5 metres. However, under an earlier but completely different contract, Ukraine did provide cooling technologies for the antenna to China. According to many Chinese claims on the internet, the name assigned for Type 348 radar is Sea Lion, but others claim the name only applies to the export version.
The same Kavant Design Bureau of Ukraine that had provided China with cooling technologies for the radar antenna earlier also provided technical expertise in integrating the active phased array radar with ESM and the anti-stealth radar with Yagi antenna, which in turn, is a successor to the earlier Type 517H-1 (NATO codename: Knife Rest) long-range 2D air search radar. This metre-wave radar operates in the VHF band and is designated as Type 517M by the Chinese. Like the Type 348 Radar, this radar is also totally by China, and Chinese claim that it has better performance than the similar land-based JY-27 radar, which its accuracy is 150 meters for distance, one degree for angle, and its maximum range is 330 km. Type 517M radar, in contrast, has a maximum range of 350 km, but China has not released the details of its accuracy.
A Russian MR331 Mineral-ME (with NATO reporting name Band Stand) fire-control radar (for anti-ship missile and for the main gun as its secondary mission) was capable of over the horizon targeting, and it has been installed on other newly built PLAN ships including Type 054A frigate. The Type 344 Radar is installed to provide fire control for the main gun, and for the Type 730 CIWS as its secondary mission in case the locally mounted fire control radars for the CIWS malfunctioned or damaged in battles. Two locally mounted LR66/TR47C radars derived from Type 347 Radar provide fire control for the Type 730 CIWS, and although these radars are also capable of providing fire control for the main gun, it is not known if such capability has been incorporated via the combat data system. Type 364 Radar is installed in a radome for air and surface search, and this radar acts as a supplement of the Type 348 Radar and as a provider of target information for SAM and CIWS, while also have the anti-ship missile targeting as its secondary mission.
 Electro-optical (Optronics)
The OFC (Optical Fire Control) -3 electro-optical fire control system is a modular design that is consisted of a laser range finder, a color TV camera, and an IR camera, and the laser range finder can be replaced by a laser designator (for the laser beam riding SAM), the TV camera can be replaced by a night vision camera, and the IR camera can be replaced by an ImIR, at higher cost. Development to incorporate the dual band IR, night vision camera, and the color TV camera has been successfully completed, but it is unclear if these newly developed versions will be installed on any of the ships. The OFC-3 optronics is designed by the Central China Optronic (electro-optical) Research Institute. Although the advanced versions have been successfully tested, only the most basic version have been installed on board Type 052C class, as acknowledged by the developer, and domestic Chinese media rumored the main reason was to reduce the cost. However, the adaptation of the most basic version of OFC-3 results in great decrease in the performance and effectiveness of the main gun, because without the laser designator needed, laser beam riding and semi-active laser guided projectiles can not be deployed for the Type 210 100 mm naval gun.
The OFC-3 Electro-optical system is further supplemented by the IR-17 Infrared Surveillance Device optronics, which is an infrared system only, and like OFC-3 system, it has also been installed on Luzhou class destroyer and Guangzhou class destroyer. The IR-17 system is usually installed on the forward mast just below the 3-D air search radar, and it is consisted of three parts: sensor head, operator console and electronic cabinet that contains other electronics including power supply. In comparison to OFC-3, more information is released on IR-17, including:
- Sensor head weight: < 160 kg
- Control console weight: < 390 kg
- Electrical cabinet weight: < 300 kg
- Sensor head size: 0.6 m x 0.9 m x 1.1 m
- Control console size: 0.72 m x 1.05 m x 1.65 m
- Electrical cabinet size: 0.6 m x 0.7 m x 1.65 m
- Accuracy: 3 mrad
- Range against sea-skimming anti-ship missile with 0.1 square meter radar cross section: > 8 km
- Range against cruise missile: > 20 km
- Range against aircraft with 3 square meter radar cross section: > 30 km
Like the H/ZBJ-1 combat data system on board, the JRSCCS is distributed and redundant and reflects both Russian and Western influence. From the Russian/Soviet tradition, each sensor handles as much of its own data processing as possible. While this potentially allows the design of individual system components to be simplified, the Chinese followed the Western tradition by ensuring central components can still process all information from the sensors in the event of sensor hardware malfunction. The cost of such redundancy is such that half the price of the ship is in its C4I systems. Another Western design tradition incorporated was the use of an open architecture software design.
 SonarLike the Sovremenny class destroyers, the ASW weaponry on board Type 052C destroyer is mainly for self-defense, since it is a class of air-defense destroyer. The ship is equipped with hull-mounted SJD-8/9 medium-frequency hull-mounted active–passive sonar, which is a development of French DUBV-23 sonar, and the improvements in both the hardware and the software over the original French design enabled the sonar to be used as a torpedo approaching warning system as well. When in active mode, the range of the hull-mounted sonar is at least 12 km or greater, and when in passive mode, the range is at least 60 km or greater, a 20% increase to the 50 km maximum range of the Russian–Soviet MGK-355 Platina sonar on board Sovremenny class destroyers. Encrypted underwater telephone and other communication gears are installed on board to enable this class to be better coordinated with submarines in joint maneuvers.
Although both variable-depth sonar such as ESS-1 medium-frequency VDS (the Chinese development of French DUBV-43 VDS) and towed-array sonar were successfully tested on board, these were abandoned because incorporating these extra sonars would lead to significant redesign of the hull and increased cost. Despite the fact that the extra processing capability reserved in the combat data system for the towed sonar and VDS when needed, it is highly unlikely that the towed sonar and VDS would ever be incorporated in the near future. The high frequency obstacle–mine avoidance sonar once originally planned to equip this class failed to materialize due to the same financial concern of reducing the cost.
Two models of airborne dipping sonars can be carried by on board Ka-27 helicopters, both being the derivatives of Russian / Soviet V-3 medium frequency (MF) Ros' sonar (also known as Rys, with NATO reporting name Lamb Tail), with a range around 7 km. Original sonars on board Ka-27 were Russian VGS-3K models marketed by Morfizpribor, while Chinese military enthusiasts have claimed (but yet to be confirmed) that H-3 models of Ukrainian firm Sokol is also purchased by China to diversify supplier sources. Unconfirmed claims by Chinese military enthusiasts also suggest that Russian firm Morfizpribor is actively marketing its 180 kg class Vesta-K low frequency (LF) airborne sonar to China as an upgrade to the original VGS-3K Ros' sonar, which would significantly boost the performance by increasing the range by tenfold to 50 km, and with greater operating depth to 700 meters. However, the drawback of Russian–Soviet airborne sonar is that the information gathered cannot be processed on board the aircraft, so the process in done on board the ship instead. In contrast, the French Thomson-CSF-built HS-12 used on sonar Harbin Z-9 has a range in excess of a dozen kilometers and information gathered can be processed directly on board the helicopter.
 UAVAccording to Chinese advertisements released during various defense / aerospace / electronic exhibitions in the past, conversion kits have been developed for destroyers to deploy multiple UAVs. The developers of both the JRSCCS and the combat data system have claimed that their products could handle the information needed to control UAVs. However, it is highly unlikely that any long range UAVs will ever be deployed on board this class because the complete handling system to support these large UAVs would need the entire hangar, thus displacing the only helicopter on board. Chinese governmental media, however, did release photos of a variety of propeller driven light UAVs being launched from destroyers and claimed that these light UAVs could be deployed on every destroyer class currently in Chinese service, and some of the pictures have depicted some UAVs carry laser targeting pods, providing guidance for laser guided projectiles. However, as of mid-2007, it still can not be confirmed that if any light UAVs has been on board Type 052C class on a regular basis. The lack of regular deployment of UAVs on board only seems to confirm the claim that the laser guided projectiles for the main gun are not deployed due to the lack of associating guidance equipment. On August 17, 2008, another type of UAV named as Hummingbird carrying electro-optical pod were deployed on board for the successful test of a new data link developed by China Northern Co. (中国北方公司). The new data link is a two-way real-time encrypted data link designed to replace the current HN-900 data link, and it is designated as NCTDL, short for Naval Common Tactical Data Link. The new data link is claimed by many Chinese to be at least equal to the Link 16, and even comparable to Link 22, but such claims have yet to be verified by both the Chinese government and sources outside China. However, it is certain that the new data link will replace HN-900 currently in service on board PLAN ships.
 AircraftThe ship’s stern hangar accommodates 1 Kamov Ka-28 (export version of the Kamov Ka-27, NATO codename: Helix) antisubmarine warfare (ASW) helicopter, or alternatively, 1 Z-9 ASW helicopter (Chinese version of the Eurocopter Dauphin AS 365N), and both type can carry various weapons including torpedoes and depth charges. The Ka-28 helicopter can operate in all weather conditions up to 200 km from the host ship, but its onboard dipping sonar only has half the range of the Chinese copy of the French dipping sonar on board Z-9, furthermore, it lacks the processing capability to process the information gathered, so the information has to be passed back to the host ship for processing via data links, while in contrast, Z-9 can process the information gathered on board the helicopter, but with shorter range.
Although the sensors and weaponry carried by both helicopters are somewhat comparable to their western counterparts, the overall capabilities as ASW platforms for these helicopters are seriously hampered due to the installation of their radars: unlike the western belly-mounted radars with 360-degree coverage, the radars for Ka-28 and Z-9 are chin-mounted and nose-mounted respectively, thus creating huge blind spots. In order to overcome these blind spots, Ka-28 and Z-9 must fly in very complicated flight patterns, resulting in significant fuel consumption, thus decreasing the endurance and range in comparison to western ASW helicopters.
 PropulsionThe ship’s propulsion is in the form of CODOG, consisting of two Ukraine-made DA80/DN80 gas turbines each rated at ~32,600 hp(24 MW) and two Shaanxi diesel engines (Chinese licensed production of the MTU 20V956TB92) each rated at ~6,700 hp (5 MW). The DA80/DN80 gas turbine is the export version of UGT-25000 of Ukrainian Zorya-Mashprocket State State Enterprise Gas Turbine Research & Production Complex, purchased by China in the late 1990s as part of license-production in China.  The UGT25000 has power rating of 25-27MW depending on configuration , but could only provide 24MW upon delivery because development was not fully completed when they were sold to China. A total of eight units were originally purchased and Chinese sources have claimed that all had been upgraded, mainly in the area of turbine blade production techniques, and such update had greatly increased reliability and maintainability. The main parameters of DA80/DN80 included:
- length: 6.4 meter
- Width: 2.5 meter
- Height: 2.7 meter
- Weight: 16 tons
- Efficiency: 36.5%
- Exhaust gas flow: 90 kg / second
- Exhaust temperature: 465ºС
 Ships of Class
|170||兰州/ Lanzhou||Jiangnan||29 April 2003||18 July 2004||South Sea|
|171||海口/ Haikou||Jiangnan||30 October 2003||2005||South Sea|
|150||Unknown||Changxingdao-Jiangnan||28 November 2010||2012||Unknown|
|151||Unknown||Changxingdao-Jiangnan||20 July 2011||2012||Unknown|
- Unit cost - Up to 800 million US$ per ship, including 200 million for CIWS, SAM, & VLS, and 400 million for C4I systems.
- Ships - DDG 170 Lanzhou and DDG 171 Haikou as of 2006
- Propulsion - 2 Ukraine DN80 gas-turbines and 2 MTU Friedrichshafen 12V 1163TB83 diesels
- Length - 153 m
- Beam - 16.5 m
- Draft - 6 m
- Displacement - 7,000 t (full load)
- Speed - 30 knots (56 km/h)
- Crew - 250 (40 officers)
- Combat Data System - H/ZBJ-1 Information processing system designed by the 704th Institute (Reported speed: > 100 Mbit/s)
- Data link: HN-900 (Chinese equivalent of Link 11A/B). To be replaced by NCTDL
- Communication: SNTI-240 SATCOM
- 8 surface-to-surface missiles in 2 x quad cells for YJ-62 antiship missiles, HN-2 land attack cruise missiles , or C-805 anti-ship / land attack cruise missiles
- 48 vertically launched HHQ-9 SAM
- 1 x 100 mm gun
- 2 x 30 mm Type 730 CIWS
- 4 x Type 726-4, 18 barrel decoy Multiple rocket launcher
- 2 x Triple 324 mm ASW torpedo tubes
- Aviation: 1 Kamov Ka-28 ASW helicopter
- ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/china/luhai-specs.htm
- ^ a b http://www.missilethreat.com/cruise/id.54/cruise_detail.asp
- ^ "Aircraft Carrier & Destroyers". Chinese Military Aviation. 24 Oct. 2011. http://cnair.top81.cn/Luyang_Luhai_Luhu.htm. Retrieved 26 Oct. 2011.
- ^ a b "Type 052C (Luyang-II Class) Missile Destroyer". SinoDefence.com. 28 Feb. 2009. http://www.sinodefence.com/navy/surface/type052c_luyang2.asp. Retrieved 26 Oct. 2011.
- ^ Jane's Land-Based Air Defence 2010-2011
- Chinese Defense Today (Sinodefense) page on 052C Destroyer
- Chinese Defense Today (Sinodefense) page on the YJ-62 (C-602) Anti-Ship Missile
DDG - Shenyang (115) :: People Republik of China (CHN) :: Vessels
|[ Funkce ] [ buko1 ]|
Type 052 destroyer
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
DDG 113 "Qingdao"
|Operators:||People's Liberation Army Navy|
|Preceded by:||Type 051|
|Succeeded by:||Type 051B|
|In service:||May 1994|
|Propulsion:||General Electric LM2500 gas turbinesCODOG|
|2 x Type 726-4 122mm 24-tube decoy launchers installed on both sides of the forward bridge (After 2011 upgrade)|
|Armament:||4 x 4 YJ-83 (C-803) anti-ship missiles|
1 x 8-cell HQ-7 SAM (8+16 rounds)
1 x Type H/PJ33A dual 100 mm/56 dual purpose gun
2 x Triple Yu-7 torpedo tubes
After the latest system upgrade in mid-2011:
2 x H/PJ12 (Type 730) 7-barrel 30 mm CIWS replaced 4 x Type H/PJ76A dual 37 mm AA guns
2 x Type 87 6-tube ASW rocket launchers replaced 2 x Type 75 12-tube ASW rocket launchers
|Aircraft carried:||2 helicopters: Harbin Z-9 or Kamov Ka-27|
|Aviation facilities:||Single helicopter landing platform|
Two helicopter hangar
Helicopter landing system
 HistoryDesigned by the China Warship Design Institute (formerly the Seventh Academy of the Ministry of National Defense), the ships were built at Jiangnan Shipyard. No.112 Harbin was the first Luhu destroyer followed by No.113 Qingdao. The chief designer is academician Mr. Pan Jingfu (潘镜芙). The class is said to be the first indigenous Chinese warship design approaching modern standards, a significant improvement over the earlier Luda class. The Luhu made extensive use of foreign technologies that were accessible to the PRC prior to the Tiananmen Square incident of 1989. These included French-made radars and fire-control systems and the General Electric LM2500 gas turbine engines from the US, two of which power each ship.
Even with incorporation of Western technology, the chronic lack of adequate ship-borne air defense system have had great impact on the PLAN operations. Equipped with a small number of surface-to-air missiles with visual-range only, and guns with limited range and performance, Chinese warships had historically limited their operations within the area covered by their land-based aircraft due to a lack of fleet defense capability. To rectify this trend, the Luhu destroyers (and the smaller Jiangwei class frigate) were fitted with the HQ-7 SAM that gives it much better air defense capability than any other previous Chinese design, though still limited to within visual range (WVR).
The HQ-7 SAM system is reported to be equipped with 8 ready to fire missiles, plus 16 stored in a semi-automatic reloader system. The same system is also used on the upgraded 051G Luda Destroyer.
In spite of the advances, the 052 Luhu Destroyer still suffers in some areas such as electronic warfare and electronic counter-measures.
The operational capability of the Luhu-class Destroyers has been called into question by naval analysts. Ship visits in 1997 allowed US Naval officers to board and inspect Luhu Destroyer No.112 Harbin and to take numerous photographs. Analysis of these photographs and reporting by officers present strongly suggested that the Luhu Destroyers were mainly intended as technology demonstration vessels rather than serious naval combatants. For example, the large amount of foreign-supplied equipment on-board was still labeled in the language of the country of origin; this was also the case with most of the on-board manuals and other documentation, calling into question the ability of the crew to operate efficiently under stressful circumstances when called upon to deal with equipment labeled in English, French, and Italian, as well as Chinese. Further, the various European systems installed were not originally designed to operate together and as a result were not well integrated; a problem the Chinese could not overcome owing to their lack of familiarity with the underlying technology.
The Chinese attempted to address these problems with the introduction of an improved Luhu design, the Luhai-class. This follow-on, essentially an enlarged Luhu, features some improved electronics from foreign suppliers as well as more advanced weapons. However, in some cases, the designers appear to have opted for less capable indigenous designs to ease the system integration issues suffered by the Luhu-class Destroyers. However, the PLAN was reportedly unhappy with the design of the Luhai-class Destroyers, and production ceased after a single unit was completed. Both of the destroyers have been upgraded during 2011. Four Type 76A guns replaced by two Type 730 CIWS on top of the helicopter hangar. The Crotale/HHQ-7 short-range SAM may have been replaced by the newer model (FM-90?) which provides better interception against sea-skimming AShMs. Also two Type 726-4 decoy launchers were installed on both sides of the forward bridge for better self-protection. Various onboard systems were integrated together (to a certain degree) by a Thomson-CSF TAVITAC combat data system which is thought to have been replaced by a new indigenous C3I system (ZJK-4B or a newer model). The Thomson-CSF Sea Tiger air/surface search radar was first replaced by an indigenous Type 518 Hai Ying radar, and now replaced by a Type 517M long-range air search radar. Also the Type 362 air/surface radar installed on top of the aft mast has been replaced by a Type 364. A pair of SATCOM antennas have been installed on top of the helicopter hangar as well. Currently 112 is still undergoing the similar upgrade. In general, Luhu class represents PLAN's first attempt to build a true "blue water" navy with some success therefore it was quickly superseded by the bigger and more advanced Luhai as well as Soveremenny class DDGs.
 Operational historyOn 27 February 2012, type 052 class guided missile destroyer Qingdao (113), along with 054A class frigate Yantai (538) and comprehensive supply ship Weishanhu (887) formed the 11th Chinese naval escort flotilla, departed from the city of Qingdao to conduct anti-piracy and escort missions in the Gulf of Aden and Somali waters.
 Ships in service
- 112 Harbin
- 113 Qingdao - made first visit to New Zealand in April 1998 and Australia in May 1998.
 Specifications (second-refit only)
- Unit cost - > 1 billion renminbi yuan per ship by 1980's price
- Propulsion CODOG config
- Length - 467.8 feet / 142.6 meter
- Beam - 49.5 feet / 15.3 meters
- Draft - 16.7 feet / 5 meters
- Displacement - 4,200 tons (standard), 4,800 tons (full load)
- Speed - 31 knots
- Endurance - 4,000 nm at 15 kt
- Crew - 260 (40 officers)
- Thomson-CSF TSR 3004 (DRBV-15) Sea Tiger air/surface radar, E/F band (112 Harbin)
- Type 360S (SR60) air/surface radar, E/F band (113 Qingdao)
- Type 518 (REL-1/2) Hai Ying long-range 3D air search radar, L-band
- Type 362 (ESR-1) low-altitude air/surface search radar, I-band
- Type 345 (MR35) fire-control radar for HQ-7 Surface-to-air missile system, J-band
- Type 344 (MR34) fire-control for YJ-8x SSM and 100 mm gun, I/J band
- 2 x Type 347G (EFR-1) Rice Lamp fire-control radar for 37 mm AA guns, I-band
- 2 x Racal RM-1290 navigation radar, I-band
- DUBV-23 (SJD-8/9) medium-frequency hull-mounted radar
- DUBV-43 (ESS-1) towed medium-frequency VDS
- Electronic Warfare and Countermeasures
- ^ Xinhua English. "Chinese navy heads for escort mission in Gulf of Aden". Retrieved on 2012-02-28
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Luhu class destroyer|